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FCLA Glossary of Terms and Systems

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Institutions

Acronyms & Terms

AIP: Archival Information Package, contents of a SIP, plus any saved transformed versions of the data files in the SIP or AIP, plus metadata pertaining to these objects stored in the FCLA Digital Archive Management System (DAMS)
AISO: Academic Infrastructure Support Organization, a state-wide support unit in the SUS
AIX: IBM's implementation of the unix operating system
Aleph: integrated library system software product from ExLibris group, which succeeded LUIS
AniAniWeb: Wiki server software designed for personal use
APEX: Application Express is a web application development tool from Oracle used for report generation
AquaBrowser Library: a discovery tool from Medialab Solutions
Archon: open-source archives management software
ARROW: Ad-hoc Report Request Over the Web, a collection of reports from FCLA-housed databases
BIP: Books In Print, a list of books currently available in print
BIRT: Business Intelligence and Reporting Tools, an Eclipse-based open source reporting system for web applications, especially those based on Java and J2EE
BOOP: Books Out of Print, a list of books not currently available in print
BPM: Business Process Modeling (a buzzword)
bX: an ExLibris product to provide relevance-based search result recommendations
CaaS: Computing As A Service (a buzzword)
CDRS: Collection Development / Resource Sharing, conference at FSU 2009/03/25-27
Checksum: a datum computed by a standardized formula, eg. MD5 or SHA1, from a file or block of digital data for the purpose of detecting changes, corruption or modification of the data
CICS: Customer Information Control System, a transaction server on IBM mainframes
CIP: Contributed Information Package, contributed data files, along with any descriptor, submitted by an owner for archiving into the FDA, see also SIP
Consortium: an association of two or more entities with the objective of participating in a common activity or pooling their resources for achieving a common goal, ie. the State University Libraries and FCLA
COOP: Continuity of Operations, a backup server/service usually hosted at a physically divergent location from PROD
CPC: Collection Planning Committee a CSUL subcommittee
CRL: Center for Research Libraries makes unique and unusual collections available free to member institutions and for a fee to non-members. Their catalogs, "CRL records", are provided for loading into member library catalogs.
CSUL: Council of State University Libraries, the directors of SUS libraries and FCLA
CUFTS: open source serials management from reSearcher
CWIS: Collection Workflow Integration System is software from the Internet Scout Project to assemble, organize, and share collections of data about resources, conforming to international and academic standards for metadata.
DaaS: Data As A Service (a buzzword)
DAITSS: Dark Archive In The Sunshine State, used for the Florida Digital Archive (FDA)
DAMS: Digital Archive Management System, database that provides descriptive and administrative metadata about logical objects and data files stored in the FDA
DB2: a relational database from IBM
Digitool: digital assets management software product from ExLibris group
DIP: Dissemination Information Packages, output from FDA
Discovery Tool: also "e-Discovery Tool", offers additional services beyond ILS such as a "did you mean?" function, spelling recommendations, social tagging, list making, review writing and user ratings
DLLI: Distance Learning Library Initiative, a defunct entity - its courier service remains and transmits media between state university libraries.
DLXS: Digital Library eXtension Service, digital content delivery software suite from the University of Michigan
DNS: Domain Name Service, the translator between server names and IP# addresses
DTBook is an XML standard provided by the DAISY Consortium
DW: Data Warehouse, a collection of tables containing Aleph, SFX and NOTIS records organized and normalized for reporting
dotProject: open source project management tool
EAD: Encoded Archival Description, the international standard for encoding archival finding aids using eXtensible Markup Language (XML)
Eclipse an open source community, started by IBM and supported by many vendors
EDI:Electronic Data Interchange is the structured transmission of data between organizations by electronic means
EEBO: Early English Books Online, digital facsimiles of English-language books from 1473-1700
Endeca: search management software from Endeca Technologies (now Oracle)
EPrints: open source software for departmental and institutional repositories
EPub: electronic publication is an e-book standard for "reflowable" content from the International Digital Publishing Forum. EPub uses XHTML or DTBook.
ERMS: Electronic Resource Management System coordinates electronic journal subscriptions and distribution
ETD: Electronic Theses and Dissertations
ETL: Extract / Transform / Load
EZproxy: proxy server from OCLC which provides authenticated remote access to licensed content.
FDA: Florida Digital Archive, a preservation repository operated by FCLA with no online presentation of archived material
FEL: Florida Electronic Library of the Department of State initiative sponsors Florida on Florida, The Florida Memory Project, FloridaCat, and the Ask a Librarian service.
FEOL: Florida Environments Online, a collection in PALMM
Ferberization: see FRBR
FH: Florida Heritage Collection
FHQ: Florida Historical Quarterly
FORMIS: Ant bibliography
FOSS: Free / Open-Source Software, liberally licensed open source and community-supported vendor-controlled software
Fixity: the state of being unchanged, or fixed
Fixity checks: calculate message digests and compare them to stored values. DAITSS uses two different digests calculated by different algorithms for each file. Corrupt files are automatically replaced with uncorrupted master copies when possible.
FLA-PASS Florida Library Access -- Pass for Accelerated Secondary Students portal to state-funded e-resources.
FRBR: Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records, a model developed by IFLA which allows users to define relationships between the entities (eg. books) that provide links to navigate through the relationships, creating new search paths
GODOT: Generalized Online Documents, Ordering, and Texts is an open source OpenURL link resolver from reSearcher
GoodEAD: pre-validator for EAD information on packages submitted to DAITSS
HELIOcat: virtual union catalog of university and community college Aleph catalogs
ILL: Inter-Library Loan, patrons borrowing books from a location other than their home library
ILS: integrated library system, a.k.a. library management system
IMLS: Institute of Museum and Library Services, the primary source of federal support for libraries and museums
Ingest: process of data intake into the digital archives. For every combination of file format and FDA project code, one of three preservation levels must be specified - full, bit, or none. This ingest specification is defined by the agreement with the source library.
Innodb: database storage engine from Oracle with strong data protection and indexing features
IP#: Internet Protocol # is the URL address that identifies my IP # associated with my computer hardware.
IR: Institutional Repository disseminates an institution’s intellectual products, often managed by the university's library
ISBN: International Standard Book Number, a unique identifying code representing a published work
Koha: the first open-source ILS
LAN: Local Area Network, a wired computer network in a building
LC: Library of Congress, also "LoC"
LCCN: Library of Congress Control Number
LexisNexis: Legal and News Index
LFNH: Linking Florida's Natural Heritage, virtual library of Florida ecological information
Link Resolver: or "link-server", parses the elements of an OpenURL and provides links to appropriate targets available through a library
Linux: a unix-like operating system based on open source kernel and components. Some linux implementations like Red Hat Enterprise Linux are supported by corporations on a fee for service basis.
LMS: Library Management System, software to coordinate collections, acquisitions and administrative functions
LUIS: Library User Information Service, a library management system which is part of NOTIS
Mango: an FCLA-created web application that uses the Endeca search engine and repository to ease searching across catalogs
MARC: Machine-Readable Cataloging, MARC formats are standards for the representation and communication of bibliographic and related information in machine-readable form.
Meditor: the DigiTool "metadata editor". The only DigiTool module that is not web-based, it is a PC client.
Metadata: data about other data, especially descriptors for cataloging and searching
MetaLib: metasearch software product from ExLibris group
Metasearch: search within other search engines' results, a form of search aggregation
METS: Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard, standard for encoding descriptive, administrative, and structural metadata regarding objects within a digital library in XML
MHI: Merged Headings Index, a file which contains established and alternative headings (cross-references) that might be selected in a search
MrSID: Multiresolution Seamless Image Database, image files contain multiple scale and quality levels for streaming over the web
MySQL: a relational database from Sun (now Oracle)
MXF: Metadata eXchange Format, a locally-developed format for information about digital files, used for communicating within FCLA and client libraries
NCIP: NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol for exchange of data regarding ILL and controlled access to E-resources
NOTIS: Northwestern Online Total Integrated System, software product succeeded by Aleph
NSDL: National Science Digital Library of the NSF
OAIS: Open Archival Information System, ISO standard best practice reference model for long term archiving and preservation
OJS: Open Journal Systems, open source web application for publishing academic journals. Visitors can browse journals as a hierarchy of volumes, issues, and articles; journal editors can accept articles from researchers, edit, approve and assemble them into issues, and publish them.
OLE Project: Open Library Environment Project, group working towards a "design for the next generation of library automation services"
OPAC: Online Public Access Catalog abbreviated as OPAC or simply Library Catalog, an online database of materials held by a library or group of libraries
Open source: non-proprietary software (or hardware) often developed by a community of developers
OpenURL: a link pointing to the copy of the library resource most appropriate to the context of the request, a combination of a base URL and a query string which contains contextual data
PALMM: Publication of Archival, Library & Museum Materials
PCI: Primo Central Index, for some institutions Mango integrates Primo articles with library content within the Mango search
POWER: IBM processor line, Power servers run AIX or linux operating systems
PREMIS: a data dictionary created by the Preservation Metadata: Implementation Strategies, a (now retired) working group of OCLC and RLG
Primo: a discovery tool from ExLibris group
PROD: Production, the primary server(s) for a service. Some essential services also have a COOP server, usually hosted at a physically divergent location.
Proxy: a stand-in network address, used with access-controlled systems to make a client appear to be "local" to the network where a resource is located, so that the client's connection will be accepted
PSPC: Public Services Planning Committee a CSUL subcommittee
PURL: Persistent Uniform Resource Locator, a URL which won't change over time
PxPROD: in Aleph, place where Production databases are re-indexed so that PROD is not bogged down.
RDF: Resource Description Framework, is the W3C standard for encoding knowledge for automated aggregation and searching. Created as an XML metadata standard, it allows definitions of relationships between real-world ideas, people and things.
reSearcher: an open source project of the Simon Fraser University Library
RHEL: Red Hat Enterprise Linux, a commercially supported linux operating system
RLG: Access to RedLightGreen search service ended November 2006; RLG Programs became part of OCLC in July 2006
RT: Request Tracker. Web based software used for reporting problems.
SaaS:Software As A Service (a buzzword)
SFX: OpenURL link resolver software from ExLibris group
SGML: Standard Generalized Markup Language, an ISO Standard metalanguage in which one can define markup languages for documents
SID: see MrSID
SIP: Submission Information Package, a CIP prepared for ingest into the FDA
SOA: Service Oriented Architecture (a buzzword)
Solaris: Sun Microsystems's implementation of the unix operating system
Solr: open-source enterprise search platform from the Apache Lucene project
SPARC: (and UltraSPARC) Sun Microsystems processor line, UltraSPARC servers run Solaris or linux operating systems
SSTF: Statewide Storage Task Force a CSUL task force
Swiki: Wiki server software written in Squeak, a Smalltalk language implementation
SUSHI: Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative protocol, a NISO standard for improving the efficiency and consistency of the collecting and reporting of usage statistics
TAG: Technology Advisory Group a CSUL task force
TRAC: Trustworthy Repositories Audit & Certification
Trac: an open source interface to Subversion (or other version control systems), an integrated Wiki and convenient reporting facilities for projects
TIPR: Towards Interoperable Preservation Repositories, an IMLS grant project with NYU and Cornell to create a model for repository-to-repository transfer between heterogeneous systems.
TSM: Tivoli Storage Manager, a disk and tape backup system from IBM
TSPC: Technical Services Planning Committee a CSUL subcommittee
UBorrow: unmediated borrowing of resources from remote libraries beyond the standard inter-library loan process
UBTF: Unmediated Borrowing Task Force a CSUL subcommittee
URL: Uniform Resource Locator, a string of characters used to identify a resource on the Internet, and the means of retreiving it
URM: Unified Resource Management, ExLibris' model for combined content management and back-office library services
UX: the union catalog of the SUS.
Verde: electronic resource management software product from ExLibris group
VM: Virtual Machine, a pseudo machine hosted within another computer's running hardware and operating system. VM's allow multiple, alternate operating systems and increased utilization of hardware resources.
VMware: a corporation and eponymous product for running VMs on various computer hardware and operating systems
Voyager: an ILS from ExLibris group
VPN: Virtual Private Network, software which makes a client appear local to a remote network
WebLUIS: locally-developed web front end to the LUIS system, succeeded by Aleph
Wiki: a collection of web pages designed to enable collaborative access to contribute or modify content, using a simplified markup language
WMM: Wednesday Morning Meeting, an in-house FCLA information session
Xerxes: an open-source interface to Metalib which provides a customizable interface and saved-record functionality
XHTML: eXtensible HyperText Markup Language, is a markup language that has the same depth of expression as HTML, but also conforms to XML syntax
XML: eXtensible Markup Language, an SGML which allows authors to define and use their own tags
XPAT: an SGML/XML-aware search engine from the University of Michigan
YCB: Yiddish Children's Books, part of the Joseph and Mary Savetsky Yiddish Resources Collection at the Florida Atlantic University libraries

ALA: American Library Association
CCLA: College Center for Library Automation, supports the Florida state community college libraries
COPPUL: Council of Prairie and Pacific University Libraries consortium in western Canada
CLIR: Council on Library and Information Resources works to expand access to information as a public good
CNS: UF Computing & Networking Services, including the former NERDC data center
Council of State University Libraries
FACRL: Florida Association of College & Research Libraries
FAU: Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton
FAMU: Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University, Tallahassee
FCLA: Florida Center for Library Automation, supports the Florida state university libraries
FGCU: Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers
FIU: Florida International University, Miami
FSU: Florida State University, Tallahassee
IFLA: International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions international body representing the interests of library and information services
Lyrasis: regional membership organization for libraries and information professionals, the merger of PALINET and SOLINET
NCF: New College of Florida, Sarasota
NELINET: New England Library Network, joining Lyrasis in Fall 2009
NERDC: North East Regional Data Center, Gainesville - subsumed into UF's CNS
NEDCC: Northeast Document Conservation Center, conservation and imaging service provider
NFAIS: National Federation of Abstracting and Information Services, a membership organization for groups that aggregate, organize and facilitate access to information
NISO: National Information Standards Organization
NSF: National Science Foundation
NWRDC: North West Regional Data Center, Tallahassee
OAI: Open Archives Initiative develops and promotes interoperability standards to facilitate dissemination of content.
OCLC: Online Computer Library Center software provider (formerly Ohio College Library Center)
PALINET: Philadelphia Area Library Network encompassed Mid-Atlantic states - merged into Lyrasis
SFC: Santa Fe College, Gainesville now offers four-year degrees
SFCC: Santa Fe Community College, Gainesville - see SFC
SOLINET: Southeastern Library Network - merged into Lyrasis
SUS: State University System of Florida
TBLC: Tampa Bay Library Consortium manages the courier contract originally associated with the DLLI
UCF: University of Central Florida, Orlando
UF: University of Florida, Gainesville
UNF: University of North Florida, Jacksonville
USF: University of South Florida, Tampa
UWF: University of West Florida, Pensacola
W3C: World Wide Web Consortium creates standards for web browsers and content